Molding

What Is Molding?
Molding is a length of wood that is shaped in a variety of ways to provide decoration to surfaces. It frequently finishes off an edge, or can be used alone as the only source of decoration. The band of molding is one continuous length and runs along the entire edge. There are many types of molding, some are named for their obvious profiles. Below is a listing of the most common types of molding found on furniture.

Astragal Molding
This type of molding is also known as beaded molding for its obvious shape. It is narrow and features carved semicircles which look like a string of beads.


Bead and Reel Molding
This type of molding is similar to beaded molding but features carved round and oblong beads in an alternating pattern.


Beveled Molding
This type of molding features a carved narrow length of wood attached at a slight angle.


Bolection Molding
This type of molding is shaped like an "s" and is used on doors to form a border at different levels.


Cable Molding or Rope Molding
This type of molding features curved indentations which resemble a rope. When this type of molding is used it is also referred to as engrailing.


Cock Bead Molding
This type of molding is a wider version of astragal molding, and is mainly used on drawers to disguise the space between the chest and the drawer. This type of molding was not used until the eighteenth century.


Cove Molding
This type of molding is concave and is the shape of a quarter circle.


Gadroon Molding
This type of molding is a convex band of short lengths of reeding, all of which curve either to the left or to the right giving a spiral effect.


Ogee Molding
This molding is convex and has a curved or "s" shape. It is usually used to form a border between two surfaces.


Ovolo Molding
This molding is convex and and is often referred to as quarter round molding, because it is approximately a quarter of a circle in shape.


Reed and Tie Molding
This type of molding is carved like lengths of reeds tied together at intervals.


Roll Molding
This type of molding is convex and has the shape of three quarters of a circle.


Scotia Molding
This type of molding is concave, large and has the shape of a half circle. It is sometimes used in conjunction with torus molding on the base of heavier pieces.


Splay Molding
This type of molding is similar to beveled molding, but is wider. This molding is set at an angle to the surface.


Torus Molding
This type of molding is convex, shaped like a semi circle and is similar to astragal molding but larger and wider.


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